On October 7 Hamas terrorists launched a surprise attack upon Israeli citizens – mostly Jews. The cruelty and barbarity of their actions shock the conscience and violate all the conventions of war. How can we understand such acts? What light can history help shed so that we might begin to grapple with the hatred and misunderstanding that runs amok in our world right now?
Centering Thoughts: History, Stephen said, is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake. – James Joyce, Ulysses
Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. – George Santayana, The Life of Reason
The past is never dead. It’s not even past. – William Faulkner, Requiem for a Nun
Celebrant: Bob Muir
Music: Special Music by Alicia Rasmussen (flute)